Ramses II called "The Great", earned that accolade by doing things on a grand scale with enormous gusto. In an opulent 67-year reign he waged an extravagant war against a coalition of Asian states led by the Hittites, sired more than 100 children, and erected Egypt's biggest and showiest buildings. Among his monuments were two huge temples cut into the cliffs at Abu Simbel. He entered into diplomatic negotiations with Hittites, with whom he signed one of the first recorded treaties in history. He campaigned in Syria and Palestine and raided into the south. Ramses was truly a king of kings.
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