Oil Painting: The Head of Medusa by Pieter Pauwel Rubens, 1617. Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Size of the original painting: 27" x 46" (69 cm x 118 cm)Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He is well-known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.
In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV, King of Spain, and Charles I, King of England.