Aphrodite Kallipygos Callipygian Venus Statue Sculpture Item No. 5038 Reproduced after an ancient original in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_Kallipygos Aphrodite Kallipygos Raising Peplos is type of nude female statue from the Hellenistic era which translates as “Aphrodite of the Beautiful Buttocks” (also known as Callipygian Venus or Venus Kallipygos). It depicts a woman raising her peplos to reveal her hips and buttocks. As she makes this gesture, she turns and looks over her shoulder to take a look. The Goddess of Love invites the viewer in to gaze at her and thus invokes her powers of attraction and desire. As part of the Hellenistic era, it is a further example of how inventive the sculptors were at using gesture to add naturalism to their subjects.