Chopin Bust. Polish pianist and composer Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin was born in 1810 and was already composing music by the time he turned seven. Known as “little Chopin” throughout Warsaw, by age twelve, his piano skills surpassed those of his instructor. By age twenty, Chopin had written some of the world’s best concertos, ballads, and preludes, which he spent the next two decades performing throughout Europe, his considerable talent continuously praised by critics and audiences alike. He died in 1849 from tuberculosis.