Art Nouveau is an international philosophy and style of art that was most popular during 1890-1905. The name “Art Nouveau” is French for “new art”. It is characterized by organic, especially floral and other plant-inspired motifs, as well as very stylized, flowing curvilinear forms. The style was influenced strongly by Czech artist Alphonse Mucha and was also a style of Gustav Klimt, René Lalique, and Louis Comfort Tiffany. Art Deco is an eclectic artistic and design style that began in Paris in the 1920s and flourished internationally throughout the 1930s, into the World War II era. The style influenced all areas of design, including architecture and interior design, industrial design, fashion and jewelry, as well as the visual arts such as painting, graphic arts and film. At its best, Art Deco represented elegance, glamour, functionality and modernity. Art Deco’s linear symmetry was a distinct departure from the flowing asymmetrical organic curves of its predecessor style Art Nouveau; it embraced influences from many different styles of the early 20th century, including Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism and Futurism and drew inspiration from ancient Egyptian and Aztec forms.
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