We have a large collection of Greek, Hellenistic, Etruscan and Roman rings, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, cameos and coin jewelry. The Greeks started using gold and gems in jewelry in 1600 BC. By 300 BC, in the Hellenistic Age making coloured jewelry and using amethysts, pearl, and emeralds was widespread. Cameos appeared created them from Indian Sardonyx, a striped brown pink and cream agate stone. As time progressed, the designs grew in complexity and different materials were soon used. The largest production of jewelry in these times came from Northern Greece and Macedonia. When Roman rule came to Greece and Macedonia, no change in jewelry designs was detected. However, by 27 BC, Greek designs were heavily influenced by the Roman culture. The most common artefact of early Rome was the brooch, which was used to secure clothing together. The Romans used a diverse range of materials for their jewelry including Sri Lankan sapphires and Indian diamonds, emeralds and amber. Roman women wore a vast array of jewelry, men often only wore a finger ring (some Roman men wore a ring on every finger). Their rings had an engraved gem on them that was used with wax to seal documents, a practice that continued into medieval times when kings and noblemen used the same method.
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