Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting. The Realism movement of the 19th century advocated naturalism in reaction to the stylized and idealized depictions of subjects in Romanticism, but many painters have adopted a similar approach over the centuries. One example of Naturalism is the artwork of American artist William Bliss Baker, whose landscape paintings are considered some of the best examples of the naturalist movement. Naturalism can be considered a reaction to the Rococo style and embodied characteristics like unaffected, honest, simple and people in natural settings/jobs. Some examples of this are Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin’s “Grace at Table” and “Paul Revere”. Naturalism began in the early Renaissance, and developed itself further throughout the Renaissance, such as with the Florentine School.
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