Benvenuto Cellini (November 3, 1500 – February 13, 1571) was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, painter, soldier and musician , who also wrote a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism. The sculpture shows Perseus, holding the head of the Medusa which he has cut off and from whose blood the winged horse Pegasus will be born. This masterpiece in bronze was sculpted between 1545 and 1554 for the Loggia dei Lanzi (an open-air gallery) and has stood there ever since. The sculpture can be considered as the reult of a direct competition with Donatello’s earlier sculpture, Judith and Holophernes. The modelling of the reliefs in bronze on the marble base is so exquisitely done that it suggests the precision of the goldsmith rather than the sculptor’s art.