The Seleucid Empire was created out of the eastern conquests of the former Macedonian Empire of Alexander the Great son of King Phillip of Macedon. The Macedonian kingdom was centered in the Near East and regions of the Asian part of the earlier Achaemenid Persian Empire. At the height of its power, it included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, today’s Turkmenistan, Pamir and parts of Pakistan. The Seleucid Empire was a major centre of Hellenistic culture which maintained the preeminence of Greek customs and where a Macedonian political elite dominated, mostly in the urban areas. The Seleucid coins followed the general concept of the ancient Macedonian coins and were minted in gold, silver and bronze.
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